Iran has world’s second-largest gas reserves, then why is it facing a shortage?

Iran has world's second-largest gas reserves, then why is it facing a shortage?

Gas shortage is a recurrent issue in Iran. Ministry of Petroleum, Iran.

Iranian oil minister Javad Owji has issued a rather bizarre diktat.

He has asked Iranians to report “suspicious cases of excessive gas consumption by neighbors” to the intelligence agencies, Iran International reported.

The remark comes as Iran faces a massive gas shortage amid harsh winters leaving both industries and homes struggling amid harsh winter.

Owji’s other diktat has also angered people. Apart from asking people to dress warmer at home and reduce consumption, he also warned to cut gas supplies to people who are found to be overconsuming.

Interestingly, Iran has the world’s second-largest gas reserves after Russia. It is also the world’s third-highest producer of natural gas.

So why is the country facing a gas crunch? Before, that let us tell you how bad the situation is.

School, offices shut to save energy

The government has shut its offices and educational institutions to save up on energy in eight of the 31 Iranian provinces.

The affected provinces are Mazandaran, Esfahan, Qazvin, East Azerbaijan, Alborz, Gilan, Qom, and South Khorasan.

Gas shortage is a recurrent issue in Iran. Despite having a huge reserve, the country has not been able to produce as much gas due to poor infrastructure.

According to Iran International, more than 25% of the gas is lost during transit.

US sanctions have made it difficult for the Islamic Republic to upgrade its gas distribution network as it has been unable to access new technologies.

Then there’s the issue of high energy consumption.

Almost all Iranian industries from iron to cement are dependent on gas. Some experts have also blamed overconsumption by households.

“Several attempts to cut (gas) subsidies failed because of the precarious situation of many Iranian households,” David Jalilvand, who leads the Berlin-based policy consulting firm Orient Matters told DW.

“40% of Iran’s natural gas is consumed by households,” an Iran International report said.

Notably, in early September 2022, Iranian oil minister Javad Owji warned Europeans against harsh winter.

An energy crisis has been mounting across Europe due to a reduction in gas supplies from Russia which was hit by sanctions after it invaded Ukraine.

Back then, Iranian foreign ministry spokesman Nasser Kanaani touted Iran as a potential gas supplier to Europe.

But a lot has happened since then. The Islamic Republic has been facing extreme scrutiny over its crackdown on anti-government protesters and its weapons supply to Russia.

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